The tropic of Capricorn crosses Ubatuba, where is located 230 km north of São Paulo and 310 km south of Rio de Janeiro. Ubatuba is draped with the Atlantic rain forest and there are several pristine beaches. The climate is pleasant with 25-30 degrees Celsius all year round.
The town of Ubatuba has named about 100 km of the Brazilian coast and there are about 92 beaches on the mainland and 10 beaches on islands. (The coastline of Brazil is 8000 km and has 2045 beaches.)
In Ubatuba you can find wonderful nature - Atlantic rainforest with an incredible biodiversity and beautiful beaches with crystal-clear water. Ubatuba is best in Brazil of preserving its rain forest - 80 % is protected area! Walking in the rainforest is a magnificent experience. (You don´t need malaria medicine as when you travel to the Amazon). Ubatuba is a paradise for ornithologists! There are 476 different species of birds and 170 of them are endemics.
The picturesque colonial towns of Ubatuba and Paraty (World heritage of UNESCO) are worth a visit! The town of Ubatuba has 80 000 inhabitants and is a quiet place without the poverty of the big cities. In Ubatuba you can feel safe going out by night.
In Ubatuba you can feel the real Brazilian culture - the exciting mix of the South American Indian -, African - and European origins. Ubatuba is named by a tropical forest plant called uba and the place where it grows is called tuba. Ubatuba also means "many canoes" in the Indian language tupiguarani.
Ubatuba is the Brazilian capital of surfing. At the Itamambuca beach there is annual Brazilian championship in June. And every year in October you can see the best surfers of the world in the semifinal of the international surfing championship.
Ubatuba has an exciting history. When the Europeans arrived at the beginning of the 16th century here was a small Indian village called Iperoig, where there lived tupinambásindians. Iperoig is historically famous because in 1563 here was made the first peace between Europeans and Indians in Latin America. The Indians were totally cheated and within 25 years they were all dead. The Indians living in Ubatuba today belongs to another tribe, the guaranies.
The town of Ubatuba was founded in 1637. In the 1630´s the gold rush began in Minas Gerais and Ubatuba became a center of the cultivation of sugar-cane, as the gold-diggers wanted much rum. In the 19th century Ubatuba had another time of prosperity when coffee became famous in the world. Many of the historical buildings in Ubatuba date from this epoch. Since the 50`s tourism has became important to Ubatuba and they care very much of preserving their historical and cultural heritage. All their popular festivals proove this!